6th Round of 19th year

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1. ... climbing a bump(0 points)


A carriage of mass $m$ travels in horizontal direction at speed  $**v**$. In front of him is a „wooden bump“ of mass  $M$ and height $h$, which slides on the horizontal plane without friction (figure 1). The carriage goes onto the bump. What conditions must be fulfilled for carriage to go over the bump? What will be the final velocity of the bump?

2. ... cuckoo-clock on the string(0 points)


Cuckoo-clock of mass $M$ are fixed at two long parallel stings (figure 2). Pendulum consists of small mass  $m$ and light rod of length  $l$. Calculate, how much will such clock speed up comparing to the clock fixed on the wall.

3. ... spinning the electrical motor( points)

On the axle of motor the sting is winded up. At the end of the string a small mass $m$ is fixed. If the motor is connected to the ideal voltage source of voltage  $U$, small mass travels up at speed  $v$_{1}. What speed will the small mass reach, if the voltage source is disconnected and the motor contacts are connected (shorted)? Assume friction-less devices.

4. ... Sun reflection( points)

During sunny days we often experiment with square mirror giving reflections of Sun. Sometimes the reflection has LICHOBEZNIK shape, sometimes it is elliptical shape. What are the conditions for each case to happen? If possible, formulate your condition quantitatively.

P. ... strange boiling point(0 points)


To the container is filled with two liquids – water and trichlormethan. These two liquids do not mix and boiling points are 100 °C and 77 °C for water and trichlormethan respectively. If this system is heated up, quite surprising observation can be made. The boiling (formation of bubbles) starts at around 66 °C. Explain such behaviour.

E. ... discover your body( points)

As the last experimental question in this year (volume) we have following simple experiment. Chose two of you body fluids (saliva, blood, urine, sweat, tears, gastric juice) and measure at least one of its physical properties (density, viscosity, electrical conductivity, refractive index, boiling point). Follow the saying „The more is better“.

S. ... last question( points)

* Describe qualitatively how the behavior of heat capacity of Ising model with zero external magnetic fields around critical temperature.

  • Using similar approach, as we calculated behavior of magnetization $m$ in vicinity of critical point, calculate behavior of susceptibility $χ$

(lim_{$B$ → 0} ∂$m$ ⁄ ∂$B$) and dependence of magnetization on magnetic field around critical temperature.

  • Show, that the model of lattice gas gives condensation and find critical temperature.
  • Investigate the model of binary alloy.
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